Water for Fracking
REVOLUTIONARY LAND-BASED HYDRAULIC
FRACTURING FLUID PATENT PORTFOLIO
Eliminates the Need for Fresh or Produced Water
Hydraulic fracturing is creating thousands of new oil and gas (O&G) wells but
requires significant amounts of freshwater. Fields (e.g., the Eagle Ford Shale) are
producing vast quantities of O&G via fracturing but are often located in arid
regions where freshwater is limited. Local governments and communities have
become hostile toward diversion of freshwater for fracturing processes and are
moving to limit or prohibit use of freshwater for fracturing. Seawater
Technologies, LLC (ST) has a patent portfolio which provides the solution by
eliminating the need for local freshwater. ST’s processes are cost competitive with
freshwater usage, but have no impact on local freshwater reserves, providing an
attractive, immediate and powerful long-term alternative to current practices.
Each hydraulic fracturing well requires up to 10m gallons of water. In oil rich areas,
hundreds of millions of gallons of freshwater are pulled from local aquifers each
year to support fracturing and related operations. The O&G industry’s thirst for
water is projected to skyrocket in the coming decades as the U.S. Energy
Information Administration projects that 80% of all natural gas produced annually
will be from fracking operations. Local water sources cannot support this thirst.
Due to the impacts on local water tables, regulators and governments on the
national, state and local levels have begun restricting or, in some cases, outright
banning utilization of local water for O&G operations. In some regions, prices for
using water for O&G operations have doubled or tripled. Reduction of supply and
increased costs are likely to continue, threatening the growth of hydraulic
fracturing and the exploitation of new oil fields.
ST has developed and patents multiple techniques for eliminating the need to use
any local water (fresh or produced) in an O&G well. ST has invented systems and
methods for collecting seawater from oceans, gulfs, sea, saltwater lakes and the
like and transporting that water to an inland oilfield for creating and/or use in
production wells. ST’s technology covers both general transport and utilization of
seawater at inland oil fields for fracturing and drilling, and specific methods of
transportation including by rail, truck, and pipeline. ST’s technology will enable its
owners to control what is likely to be the dominant base fluid for inland oilfield
operations for decades to come and shore up its position as a dominating force in
the hydraulic fracturing arena.
Technical, Environmental, Regulatory and Financial Outlook
Seawater has long been used for offshore wells as a base fluid for drilling and well
stimulation (acid and frac). The chemistry of such wells is easily applicable to wells
using ST’s technologies. ST has commissioned an independent analysis of the
environmental and other regulatory issues facing its technologies which
concluded that no obstacles exist to widespread adoption of the patented
We have just filed our fourth patent, covering the use of active or inactive offshore drilling and production platforms for seawater extraction sites, using existing pipelines (onshore and offshore) for immediate infrastructure support, and alternative sources of seawater (or saltwater), which may include effluent, waste, discharged, or other sea or salt water from a plant, such as a thermoelectric plant, steel plant, a hydrothermal system, oilfield pipe manufacturing plant, desalination plant, and the like.
U.S. Patent Nos.
8,733,442, issued 5/27/14
8,807,221, issued 8/19/14
8,833,456, allowed 9/16/14
U.S. Pending Continuation App. No.
14/324,875, filed 7/7/14
International Pending Application No.
Owner: Seawater Technologies, LLC
Priority Date: May 10, 2013
U.S. Issued Claims:
58 Total (10 Independent)
Disclosed are systems and methods for transporting seawater from a seawater source (e.g., an ocean) to an inland oilfield for utilization in drilling and/or hydraulic fracturing operations. Issued/allowed claims cover a variety of actors, including end users, well operators, O&G well suppliers, water transport companies, pipeline owners, etc.
Upon executing a Non-Disclosure Agreement, additional information about the patents, the market players,
analysis of regulatory issues, and financial models are available.